Game and movie studios are switching to physically based rendering en masse, but physically accurate filter convolution is difficult to do quickly enough to update reflection probes in real-time. Cubemap filtering has also become a bottleneck in the content processing pipeline. We have developed a two-pass filtering algorithm that is specialized for isotropic reflection kernels, is several times faster than existing algorithms, and produces superior results. The first pass uses a quadratic b-spline recurrence that is modified for cubemaps. The second pass uses lookup tables to determine optimal sampling in terms of placement, mipmap level, and coefficients. Filtering a full 1282 cubemap on an NVIDIA GeForce GTX 980 takes between 160 μs and 730 μs with our method, depending on the desired quality.
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Note: The code is an excerpt and will not compile as-is. The filtering code demonstrates how to interpret the supplied table.